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General 

Motivation

Behavioural

Memory

Gestalt

Cognitive

Learning Styles

Constructivism

Aptitude and Ability

Learning from experience

Humanistic

Adult learning

Situated learning

Action Learning

Problem-based learning

 Resource-Based Learning

Reflection

Teaching advice

Other useful links

 

This page contains links which may prove to be useful for the Curriculum and Learning (MALT) and Teaching and Learning Process (PGCE/Cert Ed [PCE]) modules among others. It does not of course purport to be comprehensive, and some of the links are themselves pages of links. Your suggestions and annotations are of course very welcome: please email me with them (including notifying broken links).

As yet, the quality of net resources is nowhere near sound enough to act as a substitute for more conventional sources: there is very little published on the net which develops its argument with evidence and complexity. So regard this material as convenient and complementary to what you may get from the library (or even buy!) but not a substitute for it.  My own pages included here contain references to original sources.

Where appropriate, these links are (or will be when I get around to it) rated under two headings:

  • Level refers roughly to academic level, in terms of the complexity with which ideas are discussed.

    Basic — no academic pretensions at all

    Assumes some level of prior knowledge, does not over-simplify

    Usually an academic addressing her or his peers, no concessions

    Page of further links

  • Rating is even more subjective, but is primarily about reliability.

    Useful for various reasons (pictures, perhaps), but not trustworthy on all counts (most commercial sites are in this category because they have axes to grind)

    Arguable angles, perhaps, but sound

    As definitive as it gets on the net

     

    I have chickened out of rating my own pages!

    Note that by default links will open in a new browser window, which keeps this page available to return to.

 

Level

Rating

Study Skills

http://www.ukc.ac.uk/uelt/learning/resources/links.html
Links page from the University of Kent at Canterbury

  

 

The Subject Learner Teacher model

http://www.doceo.co.uk/tools/subtle_1.htm

 

Learning Theories 

 

 

Portals (further links)

http://staff.psy.gla.ac.uk/~steve/courses/level4.html

 

 

 

http://www.emtech.net/learning_theories.htm

 

General 

 

 

 

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http://www.mdx.ac.uk/www/study/glolea.htm

 

http://www.learningandteaching.info/

 

 

http://www.usask.ca/education/coursework/
802papers/mergel/brenda.htm

A graduate student's overview of learning theories

 

http://www.abacon.com/woodessentials/ch5.pdf (allow time to load)
General textbook survey of learning from a broadly behavioural standpoint

 

http://www.brookes.ac.uk/services/ocsd/2_learntch/theories.html

 

 

http://www.funderstanding.com/about_learning.cfm

Motivation

 

 

 

 

http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/motivation.htm

 

 

 

http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/motivanx.htm

 

 

 

http://literacy.kent.edu/~nebraska/curric/ttim1/artsum2.html

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http://www.learnativity.com/motivation.html

 

Herzberg and Maslow are compared in an ERIC digest: http://eric.ed.gov/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2/
content_storage_01/0000000b/80/2a/2b/98.pdf

 

The original Hebb article is here at: http://psychclassics.yorku.ca/Hebb/

 

There are excellent ERIC resources linked to from here (link too long to insert)

 

 

The Apter "reversal" model is discussed at http://reversaltheory.org/RT_TheoryMotiv.htm

 

The original (1943) Maslow article on motivation is available at: http://psychclassics.yorku.ca/Maslow/motivation.htm

 

Update on Maslow: http://chiron.valdosta.edu/whuitt/col/regsys/maslow.html

Deep and Surface

http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/deepsurf.htm

 

 

http://www.ped.gu.se/biorn/phgraph/welcome.html

Behavioural

 

 

 

http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/behaviour.htm

 

 

http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/figures_behaviourism.htm

 

 

http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/behaviour_mod.htm

 

 

http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/learned_helplessness.htm

 

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http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/a_a_learning.htm

 

 

 

http://chiron.valdosta.edu/whuitt/ col/behsys/behsys.html

 

 

http://www.psychology.org/links/
Environment_Behavior_Relationships/Learning/

 

 

http://www.nobel.se/medicine/laureates/1904/pavlov-bio.html
biography of Pavlov

 

http://www.ibe.unesco.org/International/Publications/Thinkers/
ThinkersPdf/skinnere.PDF
on B F Skinner

 Gagne

http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/hrd/learning/
development.htm#Gagne

 

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http://tip.psychology.org/gagne.html

 Bandura

http://tip.psychology.org/bandura.html
Bandura's social learning theory

 Seligman

http://www.psych.upenn.edu/seligman/lh.htm
Seligman's learned helplessness home page.  

Memory

 

 

 

 

http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/memory.htm

 

 

General discussion of models of memory: http://www.skepdic.com/memory.html

Episodic, Semantic and Procedural

Tulving on episodic memory: http://www.ihf.org/lecture/archive/tulving.html

Schemata

http://tip.psychology.org/schema.html

Limits of short-term memory

George A. Miller (1956) "The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two: Some Limits on our Capacity for Processing Information": http://psychclassics.yorku.ca/Miller/

Gestalt

 

 

 

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http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/gestalt.htm

 

 

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/
news/2002/08/0808_020808_crow.html
Most of the experiments on Gestalt problem-solving have been confined to higher primates—but here is a remarkable crow, with video to prove it!

Cognitive 

 

 

 

 

http://www.learningandteaching.info/ learning/cognitiv.htm

 

Learning Styles

http://members.shaw.ca/priscillatheroux/styles.html

 

http://granite.cyg.net/~jblackmo/ diglib/styl-a.html 

 

http://tip.psychology.org/styles.html
It may not look very exciting, but the "Theory into Practice" database is one of the most useful resources on the net, particularly for obscure learning theories!

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Based on Myers-Briggs: http://www.gsu.edu/~dschjb/wwwmbti.html

 

 

 Visual, aural etc.

http://www.vark-learn.com/english/index.asp
Plugging a particular approach, and requiring a critical stance, but well worth a look. 

 Serialist, holist

http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/pask.htm

 

Gregorc
"Learning Styles Delineator"

http://library.thinkquest.org/C005704/
content_hwl_gls.php3?tqskip1=1&tqtime=0608

This is part of a much larger and very useful site called "The Learning Curve". Its only downside is that it does not cite original sources (although it does have a bibliography). What marks it out, however, is that it was built as a project by three students, aged 18, 15 and 15, from Canada, Estonia, and Taiwan!

 

 

 

http://www.br.cc.va.us/vcca/i11tayl.html

But see...

http://www.doceo.co.uk/heterodoxy/styles.htm

 

 

http://www.lsda.org.uk/files/PDF/1540.pdf for the Coffield report, which not only rubbishes most of the above, but also suggests the whole enterprise is pernicious!

Constructivism

 

 

 

 

http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/constructivism.htm

 

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An approach (albeit a little mechanistic) to constructivist learning design: http://www.prainbow.com/cld/cldp.html

 

http://carbon.cudenver.edu/~mryder/itc_data/constructivism.html
Links and readings on constructivism

 

 

http://www.emtech.net/construc.htm
Links relating constructivism and "instructivism" models

Vygotsky

http://www.kolar.org/vygotsky/
Links for Vygotsky and social constructivism

 

 

Ausubel

http://www.learningandteaching.info/teaching/advance_organisers.htm

 

 

On Ausubel's and others' ideas of linking to prior experience: http://ericit.org/digests/EDO-IR-1997-05.shtml

 

Bateson on Learning how to Learn

http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/learnlea.htm

 

Aptitude and Ability

 

 

"Intelligence"

http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/intellig.htm

 

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http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/multiple.htm

 

 

The original article by Binet (1905) New Methods for the Diagnosis of the Intellectual Level of Subnormals (translated): http://psychclassics.yorku.ca/Binet/binet1.htm

 

 

 

Uncommonly Difficult IQ Tests: http://www.eskimo.com/~miyaguch/hoeflin.html

 

 

What Makes a Good Intelligence Test?  http://www.dushkin.com/connectext/psy/ch08/what.mhtml

 

 

 

Emotions and Emotional Intelligence:   http://trochim.human.cornell.edu/gallery/young/emotion.htm

 

 

 

Test Information - Online: http://www.hr-guide.com/data/G374.htm

 

 

 

Free Downloadable Materials: http://alpha.fdu.edu/psychology/free_downloadable_materials.htm

 

 

 

Seven Intelligences Checklist: http://www.mitest.com/o7inte~1.htm  

 

 

Learning from experience

http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/experien.htm

 

 

http://www.infed.org/biblio/b-explrn.htm

  

 

http://www.reviewing.co.uk/research/experiential.learning.htm

 

 

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http://learningfromexperience.com/
This is David Kolb's (and associates') own site, so it is the definitive source

 

 

The application of Kolb's learning style theory in higher education teaching : http://www.chelt.ac.uk/el/philg/gdn/discuss/kolb2.htm

 

 

Humanistic

http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/humanist.htm

 

 

http://www.infed.org/biblio/learning-humanistic.htm

 

 

http://gwis.circ.gwu.edu/~tip/rogers.html

 

http://odin.indstate.edu/level1.dir/adultlrn.html
Links and bibliography: adult (rather than post-16) education focus

Rogers

http://tip.psychology.org/rogers.html

 

 

 

http://www.infed.org.uk/thinkers/et-rogers.htm

 

 

 

http://www.onepine.demon.co.uk/proger.htm

 

 

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http://www.duq.edu/~tomei/ed711psy/h_rogers.htm

 

 

Freire

http://www.infed.org/thinkers/et-freir.htm

 

 

 

http://www.freire.org/pfreire.html

 

 

 

http://nlu.nl.edu/ace/Resources/Documents/FreireIssues.html

 

 

 

http://wwwvms.utexas.edu/~possible/freire.html

 

 

 

http://nlu.nl.edu/ace/Resources/Documents/Facundo.html

 

 

Mezirow

http://adulted.about.com/library/weekly/aa011500b.htm

 

http://www.ed.gov/databases/ERIC_Digests/ed423426.html

 

 

 

http://www.ed.gov/databases/ERIC_Digests/ed448305.html

 

 

 

http://ericacve.org/mp_taylor_01.asp

 

 

 

http://www.edst.educ.ubc.ca/aerc/1997/97taylor1.htm

 

 

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http://www.inspiredinside.com/learning/Construct/1-warmup.htm

 

 

 

http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/critical1.htm

 

 

http://www.fsu.edu/~adult-ed/jenny/learning.html

Ivan Illich

http://www.preservenet.com/theory/Illich.html

 

 

 

http://philosophy.la.psu.edu/illich/deschool/intro.html The complete text of "De-Schooling Society" on-line

 

 

 

http://www.infed.org/thinkers/et-illic.htm

 

 

 

http://www.coforum.de/index.php4?Ivan_Illich (New York Times obituary, 2 December 2002)

 

 

 

http://www.arasite.org/nsamps2.htm Illich and Freire discussed

 

 

Adult learning

 

 

Roger Hiemstra's excellent site:
http://home.twcny.rr.com/hiemstra/distancenew.html

Knowles' andragogy

http://www.nl.edu/ace/Resources/Knowles.html
Tells you more about Knowles than you really wanted to know 

 

NIACE Homepage
NIACE (The National Organisation for Adult Learning) is the leading non-governmental organisation for adult learning in England and Wales. http://www.niace.org.uk/

 

 

 

30 THINGS WE KNOW FOR SURE ABOUT ADULT LEARNING
By Ron and Susan Zemke Innovation Abstracts Vol VI, No 8, March 9, 1984
http://www.hcc.hawaii.edu/intranet/committees/FacDevCom/
guidebk/teachtip/adults-3.htm

 

 

 

Adult Learning Theory http://www.cln.org/inservice/itpd/alearn.html  

 

 

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Adult Learning Theory: A Resource Guide
Indiana State University Library  http://odin.indstate.edu/level1.dir/adultlrn.html

 

 

 

Brookfield: Adult Learning  
http://nlu.nl.edu/ace/Resources/Documents/AdultLearning.html

 

 

 

http://adulted.about.com/cs/learningtheory/ 

 

 

http://web.uccs.edu/bgaddis/leadership/topicfocus2D1.htm

 

http://www.lboro.ac.uk/departments/cv/wedc/publications/iddlid/
02-learning-and-education.pdf
Overview of learning theories for adult education (Acrobat donwload)

Situated learning

 

 

 

 

 http://ics.soe.umich.edu/~djscott/situated.html

 

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http://www.ericacve.org/docs/situated195.htm

Limitations of theory-driven approaches

 http://dragon.ep.usm.edu/~int/dangers.html
An on-line paper: feel free to disagree 

Action Learning

 

 

 

http://www.ericacve.org/docs/pab00009.htm

 

 

 

http://www.it.bton.ac.uk/staff/rng/teaching/IS307/ALbookmarks.html

 

Problem-based learning

 

 

 

 

http://www.adm.monash.edu.au/ched/courses/
GCHE/hed5002/hed5002_sig/pblearning.html

includes links 


 

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http://www.samford.edu/pbl/what3.html

 

http://www.samford.edu/pbl/how2.html#On-Line Articles

 

http://www.csd.uwa.edu.au/altmodes/to_delivery/
problem-based_learning.html

 

 

http://cleo.eng.monash.edu.au/teaching/pbl-list

 

 

http://www.udel.edu/pbl/problems/: includes several PBL scenarios

Co-operative Learning

http://www.clcrc.com/pages/cl-methods.html

Concept and Mind-mapping

http://www.graphic.org/concept.html
Commercial site selling software, but useful examples and links

 

http://users.edte.utwente.nl/lanzing/cm_home.htm 
Concept and mind-mapping home page with links (some out of date)

 

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http://trochim.human.cornell.edu/kb/conmap.htm with clear directions

 

 

 

http://www.coun.uvic.ca/learn/program/hndouts/map_ho.html 
Study skills advice perspective

 

 

Resource-Based Learning

 

 

Costs

http://www.ncl.ac.uk/ncihe/a2_001.htm
Appendix to Dearing report, based in part on evidence from DMU staff 

 

 

Dearing recommendations

http://www.lifelonglearning.co.uk/dearing/dr7006.htm

Reasons for employment

http://www.lgu.ac.uk/deliberations/rbl/brown.html

Useful portal

http://jac.sbs.ohio-state.edu/cable/pedagogy/

 

http://www.sh.plymouth.ac.uk/eds/elt/session3/session3.htm

 

http://www.keele.ac.uk/depts/cs/Stephen_Bostock/
keywords/education.html

Stephen Bostock's links to resources on education and learning with a learning technology slant

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http://www.sh.plymouth.ac.uk/eds/elt/session3/session3.htm

 Learning Technologies effectiveness

A HEFCE/Jisc Funded Project report A Framework for Pedagogical Evaluation of Virtual Learning Environments is available at: http://www.jtap.ac.uk/reports/htm/jtap-041.html
This provides a discussion of many issues related to virtual learning environments and some of the software used. 

 

 

 

The Computer Based Collaborative Group Work project:
http://collaborate.shef.ac.uk/
from the University of Sheffield provides a bibliography & links to many related studies in the area.

 

 

 

 A negative slant which looked at students experiences can be found at: http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue4_12/hara/index.html

 

Reflection

Reflective Practice in Adult Education. ERIC Digest No. 122
http://www.ed.gov/databases/ERIC_Digests/ed346319.html 

 

Reflective Practice and Professional Development. ERIC Digest
http://www.ed.gov/databases/ERIC_Digests/ed449120.html 

 

Donald Schon (Schön): learning, reflection and change
http://www.infed.org/thinkers/et-schon.htm 

 

Guided Reflective Practice: An overview of writing about teaching
http://www.ncsu.edu/mctp/reflection/overview.html 

 

http://www.itslifejimbutnotasweknowit.org.uk/Bib_145.htm

 

An ever-so-slightly sceptical view.
http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/reflecti.htm 

 

Teaching advice

 

 

 

 

http://www.users.bigpond.com/handbook/
A Handbook for Teachers in Universities & Colleges: A guide to improving teaching methods by Robert Cannon & David Newble 

 

http://www.brookes.ac.uk/services/ocsd/2_learntch/2_learnt.html
Oxford Centre for Staff and Learning Development: learning and teaching resources

 

 

 

http://coalition.tamu.edu/eapo/classinvo8.html
Resources for Innovative Teaching (largely links)

 

 

 

http://www.learningandteaching.info/teaching/

 

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To reference this page copy and paste the text below:

ATHERTON J S (2008) Doceo;  [On-line] UK: Available:  Accessed:

(Note that if you are using Internet Explorer, and it is doing its "nanny" thing, the full reference will not display. There will be a bar across the top of the screen advising you of "blocked content". Click on it and select "Allow blocked content" and confirm in the pop-up box. I know it's a pain, but we're stuck with it.)

Original material (c) James Atherton: last up-dated 21 February 2009

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